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NOTES AND COMMENT 

Executive Committee on Natural Resources 

The recommendation of the three Conservation Committees announced in the last 
issue (Ecology, 2: p. 154) has been approved by the organizations which these com- 
mittees represent. At a meeting in New York on May 14 it was agreed to adopt the 
name " Executive Committee on Natural Resources of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Science, and National Research 
Council." The project committee, composed of Dr. John M. Clark, Chairman, Col. 
Henry S. Graves and Major Barrington Moore, presented a plan for further work. 
The principles agreed upon include the establishment of a permanent salaried executive, 
with an assistant and clerical force. " The purpose in organizing the Executive Com- 
mittee on Natural Resources is to promote, through scientific effort and through educa- 
tion, the best possible use of our natural resources in the economic, industrial and 
social development of the country." The problem of natural resources is recognized 
as being a basic one in public welfare. Information on natural resources will be 
collected, through organizations equipped for the work, and will be correlated and 
disseminated through the educational and other organizations of the country, thus 
building a sound basis for the development of conservation policies. Public organiza- 
tions interested in natural resources will not only be given a better basis for action, 
but will be stimulated to closer cooperation and coordinated effort. The cost is esti- 
mated at $25,000 per year, which is to be raised by the Ways and Means Committee, 
consisting of Dr. Vernon Kellogg, Dr. John M. Clarke and Col. H. S. Graves. 

Italian Agronomical Society 

The following is the substance of a note received from the Secretary of the Italian 
Agronomical Society for publication in Ecology. 

The purpose in starting this Society is to unite all branches of science connected 
with agriculture; the project is supported by almost all Italian scientists working in 
these branches. Organization is proceeding rapidly, the Advisory Committee having 
been nominated, the Statutes formulated and approved, and the main lines of immediate 
action, under five heads, decided upon. These lines, each under a commission of the 
ablest specialists, are as follows : 

1. Utilization of arid and poor lands, with special attention to drought resistance 
and the adaptability of plants to drought. (Prof. Borzi, Director of the Colonial 
Botanical Institute Gardens, Palermo.) 

2. Limits of the yield capacity of wheat in southern areas, especially in connection 
with physiological features, influenced by environmental factors in that latitude. (Dr. 
V. dei Duchi di Rivera.) 

3. Insects injurious to the olive. (Sen. B. Grassi, Director, Institute of Anatomy, 
University of Rome.) 

4. Utilization for potash fertilizer of the leucite deposits which are abundant in 
Italy. (Dr. Borghesani, International Institute of Agriculture, Rome.) 

5. Causes and effects of root-rot which destroy Sicilian citrous fruits. 

At the meeting of July 8, 1920, presided over by Prof. Alessandro Ghigi, of the 
University of Bologna, scientists from all parts of Italy were present. Senator B. 

232 



July, 1021 NOTES AND COMMENT 233 

Grassi, of the University of Rome, was chosen President, and H. M. the King of 
Italy was made an honorary member. The Secretary of the Society is Dr. V. dei 
Duchi di Rivera, and the temporary headquarters are in the " Rivista di Biologia," 
Via dei Crescenzi 26, Rome. 

The strong ecological trend of the work is evident, and the Ecological Society of 
America will follow with interest and with every good wish the progress of the Italian 
Agronomical Society. 

Preservation of Natural Areas 

The twenty-fifth annual report of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation 
Society (J. B. Lyon Co., Albany, 1920) is of considerable interest to ecologists in 
showing that this well-known and influential Society is devoting attention not only to 
historic matters, but to the preservation of areas which possess scientific and educational 
value. In a description of Mount Marcy, which it is proposed to purchase as a 
Victory Memorial, is included (pp. 317-318) a preliminary report of the timber-line 
study made by the Committee on Cooperation of the Ecological Society, which 
appeared in Volume I, numbers 2, 3 and 4 of Ecology. On page 335 and following is 
given a complete list of the National Parks, the National Monuments administered by 
the Interior Department, and also the National Parks administered by the War De- 
partment (battlefields). For each park and monument is given the location, date of 
creation, and area. A list of proposed National Parks includes, among others, Mt. 
Katahdin, Maine, the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, and the Redwoods of Northern 
California. There is a short account of the origin and aims of the " Save the Red- 
woods League " ; the conservation of animal life and forest conservation also receive 
attention. Cooperation between the American Scenic and Historic Preservation So- 
ciety and the Ecological Society should prove of much value in furthering the alms 
which the two societies have in common. 

Resolutions of the Utah Academy of Science 
Preservation of Natural Areas 

Whereas: The rapid increase in population of the United States and Canada, 
with its consequent use of agricultural and forest land, is threatening the extinction 
of many native species of plants and animals, and 

Whereas : The preservation of such native species is greatly to be desired, be it 

Resolved: That the Utah Academy of Sciences endorse the work of the Ecological 
Society of America in the movement for the preservation of natural conditions in the 
United States and Canada. 

Resolved: That it is particularly important that areas with typical plant and animal 
communities in different States of the Union and the Provinces of Canada be preserved 
and allowed to go on with their natural successional changes for the benefit not only 
of students who are interested in these subjects at the present time, but also and more 
particularly for future generations. 

Resolved: That this Academy hereby requests the National Research Council to 
take cognizance of this important subject and requests said National Research Council 
to aid in whatever manner may be possible the work of the Ecological Society of 
America in securing vegetation and animal preserves and sanctuaries for the further- 
ance of scientific study. 

Resolved that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded by the Corresponding 
Secretary to Dr C. E. McClung, Chairman of the Division of Biology and Agriculture 
of the National Research Council.